The population of Iceland at the end of the 1st quarter 2018 was 350,710. The number of males was 178,980 and females 171,730. The population increased by 2,120 from the previous quarter or by 0.6%. Inhabitants of the capital region were 224,000 and 126,710 lived outside the capital region.

A total of 970 children were born in the 1st quarter and 600 persons died. Net migration was positive by 1,740 persons. Net migration of persons with Icelandic citizenship was 20. Amongst foreign citizens, net migration was positive by 1,720 persons. More males than females emigrated.

Denmark was the most popular destination for Icelandic citizens with 150 persons emigrating in the quarter. Of the 560 Icelandic citizens who emigrated, 370 went to Denmark, Norway or Sweden. The largest group of the 810 foreign citizens who emigrated went to Poland (300).

Immigrants of Icelandic citizenship came mostly from Denmark, Norway or Sweden, 400 out of 580, while Poland was the country of origin for most of the foreign immigrants, 770 out of 2,530. Lithuania came second with 320 immigrants. Foreign citizens were 39,570 by the end of the quarter.

Population, births, deaths and migration in the 1st quarter 2018
  Total Males Females
Population at the end of the quarter 350,710 178,980 171,730
Population at the start of the quarter 348,580 177,680 170,910
Change 2,120 1,300 820
Births 970 520 490
Deaths 600 300 250
Net migration 1,740 1,090 660
Immigration 3,110 1,920 1,190
Emigration 1,370 840 530
All numbers are rounded. When greater than 50 to the next 10 and to the next 5 when 50 or less. Due to the rounding, figures may not add up to totals and subtotals. 

The National Register of Persons is used to calculate the population.