Main results

On 3rd July 2014, Statistics Iceland revealed the main results from the new Icelandic Census with the reference date of 31 December 2011. A publication in the Statistical Series about the census is also available.


The census is based on registers, primarily data sources from the National register of Iceland as well as records from other institutions. With a register based census both time and resources have been saved.

The 2011 census provides information on the population, education, employment, as well as families and households. Furthermore, reliable and extensive information on housing, the number of apartments, summerhouses, vacant flats as well as other information on the housing situation in Iceland is published by Statistics Iceland for the first time in 50 years. Information is largely available for each municipality, not only for regions or larger areas.

According to a European Union regulation from 2008, EU member states are required to conduct a census every ten years, the first in 2010 or 2011. The regulation was incorporated into the EEA Agreement which obliged Iceland to take part. National censuses are of great value and make comparison between nations possible, since censuses are conducted in most countries of the world.

Confidentiality of personal data was guaranteed in the census according to Act no 77/2000 on the Protection of Privacy as regards the Processing of Personal Data.


The first Icelandic census was taken in 1703, the first census to cover all inhabitants of an entire country. Statistics Iceland has conducted censuses since it was established in 1914. Censuses were taken every ten years from 1920 to 1960 but with the National Register, founded in 1952, there was less need for censuses since the register stores all basic information on the Icelandic nation.  


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